Conflict

课堂探究

Warm-up

1. betray vt.出卖,背叛

She betrayed his trust over and over again.

她一次又一次地辜负了他的信任。

That man is likely to betray his friends to others.

那家伙可能会出卖朋友。

She was saying something that would betray herself.

她说话时露了自己的底。

betray ... to ... ……出卖给……”

betray oneself原形毕露

单项填空

Whoever will______ his country to the enemy will be condemned to death.

A. post                                B. last

C. betray                             D. carry

答案:C

2. hand over ……

The man robbing a girl of her bag was caught and handed over to the police.

抢劫女孩挎包的那个人被逮住了,并被交给了警察。

拓展:观察以hand为中心的短语。

The old man made a promise to hand over his money to the girl.

老人立下遗嘱把他的钱给那个女孩。

This pair of ear rings were handed down from my grandmother.

这对耳环是我祖母传下来的。

Please hand in your exercise books.

请把练习本交上来。

Please read this notice and hand it on.

请看一下这张通知,并传阅下去。

hand over to ……交给……;让出(财产)给别人

hand down传给后代

hand in 交上

hand...on传递下去

单项填空

The old headmaster ______ his place to the young teacher.

A. handed in                               B. handed on

C. handed to                               D. handed over

答案:D

 

Lesson 1

1. He's bid his furnished apartment goodbye after complaints from his neighbours about loss of sleep. 在邻居们纷纷抱怨睡不着觉后,他告别了家具齐全的公寓。

剖析:after complaints from his neighbours about loss of sleep是时间状语。

bid ... goodbye……

The little girl bid her granny goodbye as she left her.

小女孩走的时候向奶奶道别。

furnished adj. 配有家具的

She rents a furnished flat.

她租了一套备有家具的单元房。

The room was furnished in warm reds and browns.

这个房子是用红色和棕色暖色调装饰的。

furnished常作定语和表语。

拓展:观察furnish的用法。

How are you going to furnish the house?

你将如何布置房子?

I'll furnish you with all you need.

我将提供你所需要的一切。

2. Yang Ming's neighbours say they were being driven mad being exposed to such noise.

杨明的邻居们说处于这样的噪音中他们快要被逼疯了。

剖析:were being driven mad是过去进行时的被动语态。

being exposed to such noise是现在分词的被动语态,作伴随状语。

expose vt.显露

He smiled suddenlyexposing his white teeth.

他突然一笑,露出了洁白的牙齿。

拓展:观察以expose为中心的短语的用法。

It is necessary to expose students to art and music.

让学生接触艺术和音乐是很必要的。

You will have your skin burnt if you expose yourself to the blazing sun.

在烈日下你会把皮肤晒伤的。

3. No sooner had they moved in than the noise began and rarely did they get a full night's sleep.

他们刚一搬进去,噪音就开始了,几乎没有睡过一个囫囵觉。

剖析:No sooner had they moved inrarely did they get a full night's sleep都是倒装句,than the noise began是状语从句。

4. “It was only after careful consideration that we gave Yang Ming a warning,”a council member said.

我们是在认真考虑后,才给杨明警告的,一名居委会成员说。

剖析:It was ... that ... 是强调句,强调时间状语only after careful consideration

5. “Getting enough sleep is important for people's health and after such a chorus of complaintswe had to take action.”

得到充足的睡眠对人们的健康很重要,在收到如此一致的投诉之后,我们不得不采取行动。

剖析:Getting enough sleep是动名词作主语。

such有下面的用法:

1)such a (an)+形容词+可数名词单数

It's such an exciting place.

这真是一个令人兴奋的地方。

2)such+形容词+可数名词复数

I have never read such interesting books.

我从来没读过这么有趣的书。

3)such+形容词+不可数名词

He will never forget such important knowledge.

他永远不会忘记这么重要的知识。

6. Yang Ming hates being called an alcoholicbut it is the fact that people have classified his music as “noise” that upsets him most.

杨明讨厌被人叫做酒鬼,但是对人们将他的音乐归类为噪音感到最伤心。

剖析:that people have classified ... 是同位语从句;that upsets ... 是定语从句。

拓展:that引导同位语从句,that在从句中不作任何成分,但不可省略。

classify vt. ……

You should classify all the new words.

你应该把所有的新单词进行分类。

People are classifying the books according to the subjects.

人们正在按照科目把图书进行分类。

7. McKay's wife, Laurene told us that while McKay is usually a peaceful personhe had been driven to this act of violence by getting wet just once too often.

迈奇的妻子劳仁告诉我们说,迈奇通常是一个很平和的人,他是因为多次被淋湿身体而被逼到做出这样的暴力举动。

while conj. 虽然,尽管,表示对比关系。

While I understand what you sayI can't agree with you.

虽然我理解你的意思,但我还是不同意。

8. We'd be sitting there happily reading our newspaperswhen suddenly so much water would come from above that we'd be as wet as if we'd showered with our clothes on!

我们本来坐在那里开开心心地看报纸,突然间很多水从天而降,我们就好像穿着衣服洗澡一样全身湿透!

剖析:that 引导结果状语从句。as if引导方式状语从句。

when并列连词,表示这时……”

I was going to bed when the doorbell rang.

我正准备上床睡觉,这时门铃响了。

He had just got home when it began to rain.

他刚一到家就下起雨了。

 

Lesson 2

1. Do you talk it over with them and put forward a solution?

你和他们详细讨论这个问题了吗?提出解决办法了吗?

put forward 提议,提出

He put forward a very good idea at the meeting.

他在会上提出了一个好主意。

拓展: 观察put forward的其他意义。

We've put the wedding forward by one week.

我们已把婚礼提前了一周。

You ought to put your watch forward ten minutes.

应该把你的手表朝前拨快十分钟。

put...forward ……提前put forward one's watch把钟表拨快

2. Do you give in and lend them to her?

你会让步并把它们借给她吗?

give in屈服,让步

They never gave in to the enemies.

他们决不向敌人屈服。

I wouldn't give in if I were you.

如果我是你的话,我是不会屈服的。

Please give your papers in when you've finished them.

答完考卷后请上交。

give in交上,呈交的意思。

拓展:牢记以give为中心的短语的意义。

give off 放出

give up 放弃

give out 用完

give over 停止;移交

give oneself to 专心于,迷恋于

3. appoint  vt.任命,委任

He was appointed chairman of the committee.

他被任命为委员会主席。

拓展:观察以appoint为中心的短语。

He appointed Wang Hua as leader of our team.

他任命王华为我们的队长。

He was appointed to be headmaster of our school.

他被任命为我校校长。

The visitors arrived at the appointed time.

观众如期到达。

appoint ... as ... / appoint ... to be ... 任命某人……appointed已经约定好了的

4. have a gift for

……的天

He has a gift for language.

他有语言天赋。

The boy enjoys singing and has a gift for music.

这男孩喜欢唱歌,有音乐天赋。

拓展:了解以gift 为中心的其他短语的意义。

He was gifted with a good voice.

他天生是一个好嗓子。

This artist is of many gifts.

这位艺术家多才多艺。

be gifted with ... ……

be of many gifts多才多艺

选词填空

1)He has the______ of making friends easily.(giftchance)

2)She has a ______ for dancing.(giftpresent)

答案:1)gift   2)gift

5. contradict vt.反驳,纠正

He contradicted everything I said.

他老是和我顶嘴。

You've just contradicted yourself.

你恰好自相矛盾。

contradict oneself自相矛盾

6. come about 发生

Mother didn't know what had come about.

母亲不知道发生了什么事情。

拓展:1)观察以come为中心的短语的用法。

I've just come across an old friend.

我偶然遇到了一位老朋友。

The green fields came into sight.

一片绿色的田野展现在眼前。

Doctors expect him to come through the illness.

医生预料他能康复。

We came up with an interesting idea.

我们想到了一个有趣的主意。

come across 偶遇

come into进入

come through脱险

come up with想出(计划、回答)

2)辨析:come abouttake placehappenoccur,和break out

Do you know how the air accident came about?

你知道那次空难是怎么发生的吗?

Great changes have taken place in our hometown.

我们的家乡发生了巨大变化。

Maybe something unexpected happened.

也许一些意想不到的事情发生了。

An earthquake occurred in the southwest of China.

中国西南地区发生了地震。

Fire broke out in the kitchen.

厨房突然发生了大火。

come about发生、产生,多指事情已经发生了,但还不知道为什么,常用于疑问句和否定句。

take place 发生,举行,举办,一般指事件的发生有一定的原因或事先的安排。

happen发生、碰巧,一般用于偶然或突发性事件。

occur突然发生。

break out常指战争、灾难、疾病爆发或争吵等事件的发生。

 

Lesson 3

1. Thenin surprise he watched as the soldiers set up a machine gun.

接着,他吃惊地看到美国兵架起了一挺机关枪。

 in surprise 吃惊地,惊奇地

The stranger shouted in surprise“Where is my wallet

那位陌生人吃惊地大喊:我的钱包在哪里?

拓展:1)注意surprise的用法。

His anger surprised me.

他的愤怒使我很惊讶。

His classmates were surprised at his absurd behaviour.

同学们对他的荒诞行为感到吃惊。

What a surprise to meet you here!

没想到会在这里见到你!

To my surprisehe knew so much about Africa.

令我惊讶的是,他知道那么多关于非洲的事。

2. One of their menspeaking in Englishremarked that he had worked in England for some years and that he was fed up to the neck with this war and would be glad when it was over.

他们有个人说英语,提到了他在英国工作过几年,他说他对这场该死的战争早就烦透了,如果战争结束他会非常高兴。

剖析:两个that均引导宾语从句。when引导时间状语从句。speaking in English是现在分词作定语。

remark  vt.说起,谈到

She remarked I looked tired.

她说我看上去很疲劳。

He remarked that it was getting late.

他说天色渐晚了。

拓展:1)注意remark的相关短语。

He made some remarks about the film.

他对这部电影作了些评论。

This country is remarkable for its beautiful scenery.

这个国家以美丽的风景而著称。

3. Bill distributed the beer among us and we consumed the lot.

比尔将啤酒分给大家,我们喝了很多。

distribute  vt.分发,分配

They distributed food and blankets to the villagers.

他们向村民发放了食品和毯子。

拓展:观察以distribute为中心的短语。

The butterflies are widely distributed over our country.

蝴蝶在我国分布很广。

The teacher distributed the pupils into three groups.

老师把学生分成三组。

distribute...to...…………

distribute over分布……

distribute...into...……

consume vt.喝;消费,消耗

The baby soon consumed a bottle of milk.

婴儿一会儿便把一瓶奶喝得精光。

The children consume a large quantity of fast food every day.

孩子们每天消费大量的快餐食物。

The big fire consumed half the village.

大火吞噬了半个村庄。

The boy was consumed with curiosity.

那男孩充满好奇心。

consume还有烧毁的意思。

be consumed with充满某种强烈的感情。

4. The officers came to an understanding that we would celebrate Christmas in peace until midnight.

军官们一致认为我们将和平地庆祝圣诞节直到午夜时分。

 in peace 和平地

All the citizens live together in peace.

所有居民都和睦相处。

拓展:观察以peace为中心的短语。

She felt at peace with the world.

她感到与世无争。

I would make peace with her if I were you.

我要是你的话,就会和她和解了。

at peace平静地;make peace和解

5. They had this little ceremonysaluted himand then gave him a Purple Heart and a watch.

他们举行了一个小颁奖仪式,向他敬礼,然后授予他一个紫心勋章和一块表。

 salute vt.……致敬

We salute the flag at school every day.

在学校我们每天向国旗行礼。

The players saluted the fans before leaving the field.

球员们在退场前向球迷们致意。

拓展:记住短语:

salute sb. with cheers欢呼迎接某人

salute with eyes行注目礼

6. I swear that it was the only time I let somebody see what I felt.

我发誓那是我让别人看见我真实感受的唯一的一次。

剖析:it was the only time...唯一的一次……

swear v. 发誓

I swear I won't tell anyone your secret.

我发誓不把你的秘密告诉任何人。

He swore to do as he was told to.

他发誓要按照被要求的去做。

You must swear him to silence.

你一定要他发誓保持沉默。

The new president will be sworn in January.

新总统将在一月份宣誓就职。

swear后可接从句或不定式。

be sworn使……宣誓就任

swear sb.to silence 让某人起誓保密

拓展:记住短语:

swear against 起誓反对

swear for 保证,担保

swear to sth.保证某事;肯定某事

 

Language Awareness, Culture Corner and Bulletin Board

1. I meanI'm not responsible for Damianam I?

我的意思是,我不对达米安负责,是吗?

 mean vt.意指,意味着,意思是

I mean the red onenot the green one.

我是指那个红的,不是绿的。

I meant to give you this book todaybut I forgot.

我本来打算今天给你这本书,可是我忘了。

Shaking head means saying no.摇头意味着说不。

I mean you didn't do it right.我是说你做得不对。

I'm sorry I didn't mean to hurt you.

对不起,我不是有意要伤害你。

I mean...我的意思是……

mean to do sth.打算干某事

2. I suppose they must have known me since I was a baby.

我想自我小时候起,他们就了解我。

suppose  vt.推想,假设,猜想 vi.料想

What do you suppose you will do after school?

放学后你想干什么?

I should suppose him to be about twenty.

我猜他是二十岁左右。

拓展:注意suppose的其他意义。

You're supposed to buy a ticket.

你应该买一张票。

We are not supposed to play football in front of the classroom.

不准我们在教室前踢足球。

—Work is never easy.工作从来就不轻松。

—I suppose so.我想是这样。

suppose还有应该;允许的意义。

be supposed to应该干……

be not supposed to不准干……

I suppose so.我想是这样。

3. School counsellors help students deal with socialacademicbehavioural and personal problems.

学校辅导员帮助学生处理社交、学术、行为和个人的问题。

deal with处理,安排,对付

She is used to dealing with all kinds of people.

她已习惯和各种各样的人打交道。

拓展:观察deal withdo with的区别。

Many grown­ups don't know how to deal with fire.

许多成年人不知道如何灭火。

They do not know what to do with the waste.

他们不知道该怎样处理这些废物。

deal with与某人相处,处理问题,和how连用。

do with处理问题,和what连用。

语法

表达完成的动词形式

1. 现在完成时:表示从过去某一时间开始一直持续到现在的动作或状态。

I've learned 2000 words.

我已经学了2000个单词了。

I have visited most of the cities in China since five years ago.

五年来我已游遍了中国的大多数城市。

2. 现在完成进行时:表示从过去某一时间开始一直延续到现在的动作。常与so farin the past few yearsrecentlylatelyever since等连用。

I have been sitting here all the afternoon.

我在这儿坐了一下午了。

They have been fighting for independence since 1960s.

他们从20世纪60年代以来一直为独立而斗争。

3. 过去完成时:表示在过去某一时间或动作之前,已经完成的动作。

How many English films had you seen by the end of last month?

到上个月底,你看了多少部英文电影?

He had finished the work before ten o'clock this morning.

今天上午十点钟前,他已完成了这项工作。

4. 过去完成进行时:表示在过去某一时间之前一直进行的一个动作。

At last they got the letter they had been expecting.

最后他们收到了他们一直期待的信。

Nobody knew what they had been doing all these years.

没有人知道他们这些年都在干什么。

5. 将来完成时:表示在将来某一时间以前能够完成的动作。

Before long he will have forgotten all about the matter.

不久他就会全然忘记这件事的。

We shall have learned 12 units by the end of this term.

到本学期末,我们将学完12个单元。

6. 不定式的完成形式:表示发生在谓语动作之前的动作。

I'm sorry to have given you so much trouble.

对不起,给你添了这么多麻烦。

He seems to have caught a cold.

他似乎已经感冒了。

I happened to have driven that kind of car before.

碰巧我过去曾开过那种车。

7. 动词­ing的完成形式:表示发生在谓语动作之前的动作。

Not having been told what to doshe had to wait at home.

没有告诉要干什么,她只能在家里等着。

He apologized for having broken his promise.

他因食言而道歉。

I have no idea of their having broken the law.

我不知道他们犯了法。

 

Communication Workshop

1. I am writing to you about the imported Tour de France exercise bike (serial number 39879)which I bought...

给你写信是关于我买的进口环法自行车(序列号39879)的事……

剖析:imported是过去分词作定语,修饰bike

 import  vt.进口

We import coffee from Brazil and export sets of china to it.

我们从巴西进口咖啡,向巴西出口瓷器。

拓展:注意import的其他意义。

The entrance examination is a problem that imports us.

入学考试是一个和我们密切相关的问题。

2. ...by using the exercise bike for ten minutes a dayone would strengthen one's body and lose at least two kilos a week.

……一个人每天骑十分钟的自行车就会增强体质,一周至少减掉两千克。

 strengthen vt.(使)变强,加强

Exercise will strengthen your body.

运动会使你身体强健。

The soldiers strengthened their defenses.

士兵们加强了防御。

3. In factthe more I use the bikethe more weight I seem to put ondespite following the instruction manual carefully.

事实上,尽管仔细阅读了说明书,我越骑自行车,越增肥。

 the more ... the more ... ……就越……

The more you readthe more you know.

你读书越多,你知道得就越多。

The more difficult the question isthe less likely I am to give in.

问题越难,我就越不屈服。

4. Unless I receive a positive reply within the next three weeksI intend to take further action.

如果在三周之内得不到肯定答复,我将采取进一步行动。

剖析:unless引导条件状语从句。

 intend vt. 想要,打算

I intend to finish reading this book this evening.

今晚我打算读完这本书。

拓展:观察以intend为中心的短语。

I intended to pay for your damage.

我打算赔偿你的损失。

What is this website intended for?

这个网站是用来干什么的?

We intend him staying here.

我们打算要他留在这里。

He intended it as a joke.

他只想开个玩笑。

5. possess  vt. 拥有

She possesses some pictures by Xu Beihong.

她有一些徐悲鸿的画儿。

Mary is possessed of great intelligence.

玛丽聪明睿智。

6. bring sth. on sb.给某人招来(不愉快的)事情

The factory brings pollution on the villagers.

工厂给村民带来了污染。

拓展:bring on

Several causes brought on the war.

好几个原因引起了那场战争。

The natural fertilizer can bring on the crops.

天然肥料使得庄稼长得好。

Reading in a poor light may bring on a headache.

在昏暗的灯光下阅读,易引起头痛。

7. look into 调查

They looked into the matter completely.

他们彻底调查了此事。

拓展:观察以look为中心的短语。

Look out! There comes a car.

当心!来了一辆车。

My father is looking through the newspaper.

我爸爸正在浏览报纸。

Look up the word in the dictionary.

在字典里查这个单词。

8. sort out 解决(问题和困难)

Have you sorted out the problem that the peasants put forward?

你们解决农民提出的问题了吗?

The government is sorting out the problem of drinking water.

政府正在解决饮水问题。

拓展:观察以sort为中心的短语。

The fishermen sorted out the little fish and put them back into the sea.

渔夫把小鱼挑出来,放回海里。

I sorted the books into big ones and small ones.

我把这些书整理成大的和小的两类。

9. I have already been in contact with my lawyer in order to ask for advice.

为寻求帮助,我已经和我的律师取得了联系。

 be in contact with……接触;有联系

I'm in contact with my friends by e­mail.

我和朋友通过电子邮件保持联络。

拓展:以contact为中心的短语还有:

be out of contact with脱离接触

have contact with接触到,……联系

lose contact with……失去联系,离开